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general equation to make soap

"Hot process" soap refers to the fact that an outside source of heat is applied to make the soap. With hot process soap, the lye solution and oils are mixed together and then an outside source of heat is used to keep the temperature up. The added heat reduces the time needed to ensure the chemical process (saponification) is completed.

### Make Your Own Soap! Part 1: The Chemistry Behind Soap ...

Making Soap – The Saponification Reaction. Soap is made from reacting a fat or oil (or a mixture) with a strong base (something with very high pH). The chemical structures of fats …

### The Preparation of Soap & Detergent | LEAFtv

The soap sold on grocery store and beauty shop shelves today use organic and petroleum-based fatty acids paired with sodium or potassium hydroxides along with fragrances and oils. There are a few ways to make soap at home. Saponification requires cooking the chosen fats and adding alkali to the mix to form soap via water and glycerin.

### Saponification: Definition, Process & Reaction - Video ...

The equation for saponification in soap making provides a great example of how you can take a fat and alkali to produce soap. Just to note, in this equation, alkali and lye are the same thing.

### THE SCIENCE OF SOAPS AND DETERGENTS

1. Prepare a soap solution by dissolving about 1 g of your laboratory made soap in 60 mL (4 tablespoons) of warm water. (Distilled water is preferred, but not essential) (If desired, you can prepare solutions of your lab soap and a household soap.) 2. Prepare a detergent solution by dissolving about 1 g your laboratory made detergent in 60 mL (4

### How to Make Laundry Soap (DIY Liquid or Powder Recipe ...

Dec 19, 2009·Borax (20 Mule Team Borax available at most grocery stores); Bar Soap (Dr. Bronner’s, Ivory, or other natural, unscented bar soap) – If you have ever made your own soap, the laundry version of this coconut oil soap recipe is hands-down the best bar soap I’ve ever found for making laundry soap.; Washing Soda and Borax should be available at your local grocery store on the laundry aisle.

### Saponification | chemical reaction | Britannica

In carboxylic acid: Reactions …hydrolysis is base is called saponification, because soap (Latin: sapo) has always been manufactured by heating fats (which are carboxylic esters) with water and a basic substance (originally wood ash).Soap is a mixture of salts of long-chain fatty acids. Whether hydrolyzed with an acid or a base, the products…